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Archaic Era (8,000 - 500 B.C.)     

Changes in climate following the end of the Ice Age brought warmer conditions after 7,900 B.C. Many groups moved into resource-rich river valleys where their populations continued to increase. Small, settled communities developed and a wide variety of forest and riverside resources were used for food, including deer, raccoon, opossum, turkey; nuts, fruits, and seeds; and fish and shellfish.

Forest cutting and soil disturbance around Indian settlements created environments by 4,500 B.C. that attracted a variety of weeds and grasses. These plants produced an abundance of nutritious seeds. The use of these plants as food sources along with attempts to manage their growth led to the development of cultivation techniques on sunflower, barley and squashes to name a few.

Indians of the Poverty Point culture (2,000-500 B.C.) built one of the first town and monumental earthworks in North America near present-day Epps, Louisiana, not far from Natchez. Extensive trade networks brought exotic materials from across Eastern North America to Poverty Point sites. The wide distribution of artifacts like stone figurines and finely-carved "locust effigy" beads indicate that groups living throughout the lower Mississippi Valley participated in these exchanges.

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Grand Village Of The Natchez Indians
400 Jeff Davis Blvd Natchez
Natchez City Cemetery
2 Cemetery Rd Natchez

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